Sacco and Vanzetti

Sacco and Vanzetti Trial:

In 1921 Sacco an Vanzetti was accused of killing to men in South Braintree, Massachusetts. There was no strong evidence with the conviction even though they had been accused guilty and sentence to the electric chair. Although, they were armed at the scene and lied about their where-a-bouts, Sacco and Vanzetti were convicted because of prejudice and hatred. It was a case that sparked controversy throughout the whole world. Many of the witnesses could only describe the two suspects as Italian. There were 167 witness and still the people charged on with the case. Finally, Sacco an Vanzetti were declared guilty and spent seven years in jail only to to be executed on August 23,1927.

Biographies of Sacco and Vanzetti:


Ferdinando Sacco dropped out of school in third grade because he was needed to work in his father's olive orchards. When he reached the age of sixteen, he and his nineteen year old brother decided to immigrate to America. They settled in America where Sacco was able to get a job in Milford Shoe Factory. Sacco was even trusted enough to watch the factory at night. Sacco's brother left America a year after their entree, but Sacco stayed in Massachusetts to continue working. In America Sacco married Rosina, and they had a son named Dante. In 1913 Sacco got involved with the anarchist group. Because Sacco didn't support the war effort during World War, he and his family went to Mexico to hide. While hiding in Mexico, Sacco changed his name from Ferdinando to Nicola. Sacco was accused and arrested for the murder of two men and the robbery of a shoe store. His daughter Ines was born around the time of his arrest. Sacco was executed on August 23, 1920 at 12:19 am.


Bartolomeo Vanzetti grew up in a small town in northern Italy named Villafelletto. He attended school until he was pulled out by his father only to work in a bakery for most of his childhood years. In 1908, at the age of 19, he came to the promising country of America. For the next 9 years he worked as a dishwasher, bricklayer, woodcutter, ditch digger, telephone installer, stone carrier, cook, and a factory worker. He never married, but became involved in the anarchist group in 1912. Later, in 1917, he moved to Mexico because he did not support the war effort during WWI. Afterwards, he, like Sacco, was accused and arrested for the murder of two men, as well as, the robbery of a shoe store. Vanzetti was executed on August 23, 1920 at 12:20 am.

Fun Facts:

Sacco and Vanzetti were both anarchists who were involved with the Labor Movement.

In fact, there is a Sacco and Vanzetti day on August 23, thats the day they were executed!

Labor Movement:
Immigrants took on many tough and diverse jobs. Many immigrants became a part of the Labor movement because they worked in harsh conditions to support their families. The Labor Movement began in the late 1800s, but it really gain strength in the 1910s and 1920s. The goals of the movement were to have safer working conditions for workers, and to have better paid employees.

Prejudice Sparks During the Case:

Because the case of Sacco and Vanzetti reached a verdict without firm proof, many immigrants thought that the case was a sign of America's prejudice. In fact, after Sacco and Vanzetti were killed, rumors of prejudice flew around in a frenzied uproar. Immigrants couldn't stand what had happened.

Photo Gallery:


This is a poster from the trial that is in favor of freeing Sacco and Vanzetti.


This is a picture of Sacco (right) and Vanzetti (left).


This is a younger picture of Vanzetti.


This is a picture of the death of Sacco and Vanzetti. You can see how many people really cared about this trial.


This is the judge who found Sacco and Vanzetti guilty.


Hinton, Kerry. The Trial of Sacco and Vanzetti, A Primary Source Account. New
York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2004. Print.

Hakim, Joy. War, Peace, and All That Jazz. Oxford: Oxford University Press,
1995. Print.

Judy. The Sacco and Vanzetti Controversial Murder Trial: A Headline
Court Case. New Jersey: Enslow Publishers, Inc., 2000. Print.

Behnke, Alison. Italians in America. Minneapolis: Learner Publications Company,
2005. Print.

Bibliography for photos:

Linder, Douglas. "The Sacco-Vanzetti Case: An Account." Famous American Trails.
N.p., 2000. Web. 15 Sept. 2011.

Script Link: